Analysis of Electromobility in Six Countries— Where to Invest Next
Electromobility in Great Britain
Demand in Great Britain
Government incentive schemes have been generating a growing demand for e-vehicles in Great Britain. From 2040 onwards, no more combustion engines are to be sold. Electrified vehicles are especially popular in London. Around 3,000 electric and hybrid buses are driving on the streets of the capital. Delivery services and car-sharing companies also rely on electromobility. Sales figures rose significantly in 2017. While the total number of new passenger car registrations was almost six percent below the previous year's level, demand for alternative drive systems rose by 35 %.
Since 2011, the British government has been subsidizing the purchase of cars that emit less than 75 grams of CO2 per kilometer. The state supports the purchase with up to £ 4,500. Buyers of electrified vans receive up to £ 8,000. The double-decker buses, which exclusively ran on diesel in the past, will be replaced. More than 9,500 buses are currently operated throughout London, including more than 6,500 diesel models, as well as just under 3,000 hybrid buses and 73 purely electric vehicles.
Production in Great Britain
The British government is striving for world market leadership in battery development. To achieve this goal, it is providing a € 280 million funding program, which is divided into three subprograms. As part of "The Faraday Battery Challenge”, Innovate UK, an agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, is providing companies and start-ups with around € 100 million for projects in the field of battery technology. In each case, € 90 million are earmarked for the national development center for battery production and for the establishment of a research campus.
Despite the planned Brexit, the BMW Group is planning to produce an electric version of the Mini in England. Aston Martin is currently working on two E-models. Following the London hybrid taxi, Geely now also wants to produce a hybrid van. However, with the Leaf Nissan is still the only manufacturer of electric cars in the United Kingdom. In 2016, 17,489 units of the compact e-car rolled off the production line in Sunderland. Most of the cars are exported to other EU countries. Production of the Leaf II is also expected to remain on the British Isles for the time being, despite the imminent Brexit. In January, the BMW Group UK confirmed to Germany Trade & Invest that it intends to start producing the E-Mini at the BMW plant near Oxford in 2019, Jaguar Land Rover announced in September 2017 that from 2020 onwards all new models would be equipped with an electrified powertrain. A first model is to be launched in 2019. The launch of the electric Jaguar I-Pace is already scheduled for the end of 2018.
Even the electrical appliance manufacturer Dyson is planning to produce an electric car. The project has been causing a stir for months, as Dyson has recruited well-known executives from major automotive companies. The company wants to use its own components only, they say. However, it is still unclear whether production will take place in Asia or in Britain.
Infrastructure in Great Britain
According to the online information portal Zap-Map, there were 8,696 charging stations with 14,867 connections at a total of 5,177 locations at the beginning of February 2018. Among them were 1,303 quick charging stations with 2,871 connections. Zap-Map provides a daily update of its overview. The British government is supporting the expansion of the charging infrastructure with several programs worth more than € 500 million. In the same budget plan, the Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond is also providing a further € 46 million for research and development of the charging infrastructure. In both cases, the costs will be evenly split between the government and private companies.